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Treat diseases and injuries through surgical procedures.


In medicine, a surgeon is a specialist in surgey. Surgery is a broad category of invasive medical treatment that involves the cutting of a body, either that of a human or another animal, for a specific reason such as the removal of diseased tissue or to repair a tear or breakage. Surgeons may be physicians, dentists, or veterinarians.

Surgeons usually train for longer than other medical specialists.

On the job

Typical Work Tasks

People who work in this career often:

1. Assist healthcare practitioners during surgery.

2. Operate on patients to treat conditions.

3. Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.

4. Diagnose medical conditions.

5. Record patient medical histories.

6. Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.

7. Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.

8. Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.

9. Follow protocols or regulations for healthcare activities.

10. Schedule patient procedures or appointments.

Typical Working Conditions

1. The importance of being accurate or exact.

2. Having face-to-face discussions.

3. Close physical proximity with other people.

4. Freedom to make decisions without supervision.

5. Working with a group or team.

6. Exposure to disease or infections.

7. Responsibility for outcomes and results.

8. Meeting strict deadlines.

9. Using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools, or controls.

10. High levels of work pressure

11. Wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard hats, or life jackets.

12. Being in situations in which conflicts arise.


Education and crediatials

Typical Entry-Level Education

Doctoral or professional degree 

Work Experience and Training Requirements

Doctoral or professional degree for entry.

Internship to become competent.


Helpful High School Courses

Examples of helpful classes that help you prepare for this career:



Community Health

Computer Applications

Human Development

Medical Ethics


Research Methods

Safety and First Aid/CPR



World Languages


Skills & Knowledge

Most Important Skills for Surgeons

Reading—Reading work-related information.

Learning New Things—Figuring out how to use new ideas or things.

Listening—Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

Making Decisions—Thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one.

Thinking Critically—Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

Solving Complex Problems—Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

Teaching—Teaching people how to do something.

Being Aware of Others—Understanding people's reactions.

Monitoring Performance—Keeping track of how well people and/or groups are doing in order to make improvements.

Writing—Writing things for co-workers or customers.


Most Important Knowledge Areas for Surgeons

Medicine and Dentistry—Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

Customer and Personal Service—Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

English Language—Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Education and Training—Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Biology—Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

Psychology—Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Therapy and Counseling—Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

Personnel and Human Resources—Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

Computers and Electronics—Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Sales and Marketing—Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.



Different careers may be a good fit for your personality or interests. This career is:

Investigative—Investigative careers involve working with ideas. They require a lot of watching, learning, and problem-solving. People in investigative careers sometimes prefer to work alone. They are often good at math, science, or logical reasoning.

Realistic—Realistic careers involve working with practical, hands-on problems and solutions. People in these careers often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many realistic careers require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.


Describe Your Skills

People who have worked in this career typically perform the following tasks. These statements can help a prospective employer understand what you can do, on a resume or during an interview.

1. Helping and caring for people.

2. Making decisions or solving problems.

3. Keeping up-to-date with new knowledge.

4. Documenting or recording information.

5. Analyzing data or information.

6. Collecting information from different sources.

7. Identifying information by categorizing, comparing, or detecting changes in circumstances or events.

8. Creating and maintaining interpersonal relationships.


Companies that hire
  • Government Allied Health Training Institutions in Uganda Licensed Government Allied Health Training Institutions
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  • Government Nursing and Midwifery Training Institutions offering Diploma and Certificate Programs Licensed Government Institutions
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  • Ministry of Education And Sports United Kingdom Common Wealth Scholarships 2024-2025 Masters and Phd Scholarships
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  • JAB Admission to other tertiary institutions in Uganda for academic year 2023-2024 on government sponsorship Government Sponsored students for other Tertiary Institition
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  • Makerere University and Makerere University Business School Private Sponsorship Admission List 2023-2024 Private Sponsorship
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  • 2023 Uganda Nursing Schools Interviews For Admissions Into Certificates Programs Suitable candidates are invited to attend ORAL interviews into CERTIFICATE programs in Health Training Institutions
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  • Ministry of Education and Sports Algerian Government Scholarships Scheme for 2023-2024 Academic Year Study in Algeria on Full Scholarship
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  • African Palliative Care Education Scholarship Fund Scholarship for Nurses, Social Workers, Physiotherapists
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  • Master of Medicine (MMed), scholarship opportunity at Mbarara University of Science and Technology Apply for the First Mile Program
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  • 2023-24 GSK Scholarships for Future Health Leaders Scholarship to study a Masters at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
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  • DAAD Masters of Science in International Health Scholarships 2023-2024 Applications for the Masters of Science in International Health Programme  at the University of Heidelberg and Charité Berlin with scholarship funding from the DAAD EPOS programme are open until 15 Oct 2022.
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  • Ugandan Doctor Wins 2 billion shillings for research Dr Kwizera is doing the respiratory failure research
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  • Commonwealth Distance Learning Scholarships 2022 at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Full Scholarships for Distance Learning
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  • Merch Foundation Call for Application for Scholarships in Critically Underserved Specialties for Medical Graduates Postgraduate Scholarships in the Medical Field
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  • INTERVIEWS FOR ADMISSION INTO POST-BASIC HEALTH TRAINING INSTITUTIONS FOR ACADEMIC YEAR 2020-2021 ORAL interviews for admission into Post-Basic Health Training Institutions
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  • Commonwealth Medical Fellowships 2020 for Students in Developing Countries The UK Department for International Development (DFID) funds the 2020 Commonwealth Medical Fellowships for mid-career medical staff from developing countries
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  • These 9 African healthcare startups have raised at least $1M in total venture funding Amazing innovations in the health sciences to watch out for
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  • Makerere researchers design Ebola test Innovations amidst adversity
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  • Ugandans invent technology that diagnoses pneumonia faster than any doctor Necessity is the mother of Invention
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  • Meet first Ugandan pharmacist to hold patent Innovations in Health Care
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  • Extension of deadline of call for student loan application academic year starting 2016 Another opportunity to make it to University for your dream course
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  • Mom Inspires Daughter To Be A Doctor Who Really Makes People Better Helping HIV people cope with depression
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Draw Inspiration from time tested individuals
  • Meet Juliet Nalwanga, Uganda’s first female neurosurgeon
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  • Dr Stella Nimanya, a paediatric surgeon at Mulago Hospital who prides in saving the lives of children
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